You will find many forms of public transport available in The Hague, Rotterdam and surrounding region of the Netherlands. Some are common, while others may surprise you (waterbus? watertaxi?). Here are ten forms of Dutch public transport in South Holland
Train: NS (Nederlandse Spoorwegen) is the government-controlled agency that operates rail transport in the Netherlands. 3 types of trains run: Intercity (express), Sprinter (local) and High Speed. More info
Tram: Tram service is operated the municipal level. In South Holland, two municipalities offer this form of transport: The Hague (HTM) and Rotterdam (RET). In both cases, the tram service extends beyond the municipal borders into neighboring cities. HTM’s tram service reaches portions of Delft, Rijswijk, Wateringen, Voorburg and Leidschendam. RET’s tram service extends to Schiedam and Barendrecht.
Metro: Rotterdam (RET) also operates an extensive Metro system with 5 lines (A-E). The Metro line extends into neighboring cities like Schiedam and Capelle aan den Ijssel. All lines run underground in the city center and above ground in most other places. Beurs is the Metro hub station; the only one through which all 5 lines connect. The Metro utilizes light rail carriages which can hold more passengers and travel faster (100 kph vs. 70 kmp) than those which provide traditional above-ground tram service.
RandstadRail: This light rail service was designed to connect the larger Rotterdam – The Hague metropolitan area via an underserved corridor of suburbs. RET operates the north-south service (Metro line E) connecting Rotterdam to The Hague Central Station via Bergschenkoek, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Pijnacker, Nootdorp, Leidschendam and Voorburg. HTM operates the east-west service (Tram 3 / 4) which connects The Hague with Zoetermeer via Voorburg and Leidschendam. One unique difference between the RandstadRail and other trams in The Hague is that you can bring a bike on for free weekdays after 19:00 and all day on Saturday and Sunday.
Bus: Bus service is operated at the municipal level. The key service providers in South Holland include HTM for the Haaglanden region, RET for the Rijnmond region, Connexxion and Arriva for most other areas.
Waterbus: Due to the topography of the province’s southern portion, water transport is an efficient means of travel. Waterbus service is operated by Aquabus connecting the Rotterdam metro area with the Dordrecht metro area, including the suburb towns in between (such as Krimpen aan den Ijssel, Ridderkerk, Kinderdijk, Alblasserdam, Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht, Papendrecht, Zwijndrecht and Sliedrecht). The catamaran-looking boats stop at key landings along the route which makes the Waterbus service a great option for sightseeing (they offer a hop-on-hop-off ticket and you can bring your bicycle on at no additional charge).
Taxi: Taxi service is available throughout South Holland through private companies. Independent taxi drivers often register with a large regional taxi provider. Such relationships are usually exclusive with agreed upon times when the independent driver will provide service. The driver can operate on his own at other times. Unlike large foreign cities where you can often hail a random taxi for transport, this is not common in Holland. There are set locations you can find taxis waiting and available or you can call for pickup at a certain location such as a home or business. Taxis stands can be found at all the major train stations and at many large hotels in city centers.
Watertaxi: In Rotterdam, Watertaxi transport is offered along the Maas river and offshoot waterways with nearly 50 boarding locations spanning from Kinderdijk in the east to the port of Rotterdam in the west and Pernis and Spijkenisse in the south. Rates are by distance. Extended transport can be requested for as far as Dordrecht. The watertaxi boats travel at up to 50 kph, are windproof and heated during colder months.
Ferry: There are many ferry operators located in the southern portion of South Holland which is made up of many islands created by the intersection of various rivers including the Maas, the Lek and the Merwede. Some of the ferries which offer regular scheduled passenger transport include the Maassluis-Rozenburg ferry (operated by Connexxion), the Hook of Holland-Maasvlakte Fast Ferry (operated by RET) and the Schoonhoven-Groot Ammers Ferry.
Air: At Rotterdam-The Hague Airport, you find regularly scheduled air transport to over 40 international destinations by a handful of airlines including British Airways (3 flights a day to London City Airport). Shorter commuter transport and charter flights are provided by private companies such as Sand Air and Lion Air.