There are 12 ministries within Dutch government (as of end 2017). Below explains what each does and its key agencies. All are headquartered in The Hague.
Ministry of General Affairs (Ministerie van Algemene Zaken) – Responsible for the coordination of government policy and matters related to the royal family. The Prime Minister automatically assumes the title of ‘Minister of General Affairs’
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties) – Responsible for formulating policy, preparing necessary legislation and regulations, and supervising the policy implementation as well as efficient public administration between the four segments: central government, provinces, municipalities and the water boards. This ministry is the liaison between the country of the Netherlands in Europe and the constituent partners of Sint Maarten, Aruba and Curacao in the Carribean.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken) – Responsible for promoting Dutch interests outside the country, which includes embassies and trade missions in approximately 150 countries. This ministry is the primary voice of the Netherlands within international organizations such as NATO and the United Nations.
Ministry of Finance (Ministerie van Financien) – Responsible for implementing tax policy, government spending and a financially healthy banking system.
- Key agency: Tax Bureau (Belastingdienst), Dutch Treasury (DSTA), Dutch National Bank (DNB), Financial Markets Authority (AFM)
Ministry of Justice and Security (Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid) – Responsible for maintaining the rule of law, punishing those who commit crimes and ensuring the safety of all citizens (including children, minority groups and the elderly).
- Key agencies: Judicial Courts (Rechtspraak), Police Department (Politie), Fire Department (Brandweer), Immigration Office (IND), Department of Prisons (DJI), Department for Anti-Terrorism & Security (NCTV), Office of the Public Prosecutor (OM), Child Protection Agency (RvdK)
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (Ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat) – Responsible for promoting the Netherlands welcoming business climate, entrepreneurial spirit, commitment to sustainability and strategic location to foreign entities with investment potential. Introducing policy to improve the competitive position with an eye to the future.
- Key agency: Department of Statistics (CBS)
Ministry of Defence (Ministerie van Defensie) – Responsible for peace and security in the Netherlands and elsewhere in the world.
- Key organizations: Royal Netherlands Navy, Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Air Force and Royal Netherlands Marechaussee (military and border police)
Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport) – Responsible for general health matters throughout the country, the quality of care for the sick, providing assistance and opportunity for the handicapped and promoting the involvement of everyone in community and society.
Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid) – Responsible for setting and enforcing labor market policy, including migration and the free movement of workers, unemployment benefits and re-integration, income policy, work-life balance and working conditions.
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap) – Responsible for ensuring a society that is well-educated, cultured and can express creativity.
- Key agencies: Department of Education (DUO), Organization for the Internationalization of Education (NUFFIC)
Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat) – Responsible for ensuring efficient public transport, road quality and accessibility, spatial planning, land use, water management and water safety.
- Key agencies: National Weather Service (KNMI), Motor Vehicles Authority (RDW), Driving License Bureau (CBR)
Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit) – Responsible for ensuring the future success of the agriculture, fishing and horticulture industries, promoting the quality of products and strengthening the relationship between agriculture and nature.